Ethiopia is recognised as the world’s “birthplace of coffee” – the first Arabica coffee plants were grown centuries ago in the country’s south-western Kaffa region.
It is the leading coffee producer in Africa.
Moss-covered mahogany trees provide a shade-canopy for coffee plants and roosts for birds and wild animals including monkeys, baboons, leopards, antelopes, hyenas, white-tailed swallows and the Prince Ruspoli’s Turaco, a colourful bird on the endangered species list.
South-western Uganda’s rural Bushenyi District features a vast array of crops, including, banana, corn, coffee, sugarcane, and sweet potato plants.
Vegetation not only provides habitat for wildlife, but it is also essential as it helps to absorb carbon gasses that lead to climate change.
One of the key challenges for coffee farmers right now is climate change. Over the past few years farmers in the Mount Elgon region have experienced increased levels of coffee pests and disease because of the rise in temperature.
The high quality Arabica coffee bean only grows under certain conditions and it is ideal coffee farming territory because of the rich volcanic soil, high altitude & good rainfall, but due to climate change and poor farming practices, farmers are not growing as high a yield as they potentially could.
Robusta coffee is grown in Southern Vietnam as it is well suited to the hot and humid weather conditions. It is mostly grown on small, family-run farms of two to five acres.
Due to Vietnam experiencing remarkable growth in its coffee industry during a relatively short period of time it has had serious environmental impacts, highlighting the need to make the industry’s agricultural practices more sustainable.
The coffee harvest season runs from late October to early January in Vietnam’s central highlands.
Coffee is grown in lush forests, primarily by small farmers who live in remote communities scattered along the eastern slope of the Andes.
The region's forests are home to an astonishing array of wildlife that ranges from the spectacular cock of the rock to the spectacled bear.
The region's remarkable biodiversity is threatened, as farmers destroy invaluable ecosystems for subsistence agriculture. Responsible farming is essential to get farmers to adopt sustainable agriculture methods, whilst helping them to improve their standard of living.
To ensure the highest quality crop, members now harvest only ripe coffee fruit. They also utilize soil conservation measures, organic fertilizer and prune coffee plants every three years – all of which have helped to increase production.